Unmanned Aircraft

Comprehensive and up-to-date information on unmanned aircraft issues is available on the Civil Aviation Authority (hereinafter referred to as “CAA-CZ”) website http://www.caa.cz/letadla-bez-pilota-na-palube. The information is available in the Czech language only.

Generally, there are currently two following possibilities of unmanned aircraft operation over the territory of the Czech Republic:

a) Recreational and Sport Flying - use of an aircraft for own purposes or purposes of other persons, aimed at recreation, personal transport or sport on a nonprofit basis. Assuming that:

  • the Maximum Take-Off Mass of an aircraft is less than 25 kg; and
  • the aircraft use does not fall under b) below; and
  • the aircraft operation is fully in line with the requirements of the applicable Czech Regulation L 2, Rules of the Air, Attachment X,

it is not necessary to apply for the Unmanned Aircraft Special Authorization by the CAA-CZ.

The abovementioned Regulation L 2, Rules of the Air, Attachment X is available for viewing on the website http://lis.rlp.cz/predpisy/predpisy/index.htm in the Czech language only; English version is currently available on the website http://jarus-rpas.org/sites/jarus-rpas.org/files/czech_uas_regulatory_framework_en.pdf.


b) Aerial Work and/or Corporate Flights - aviation activities during which the operator uses the aircraft for working activities for remuneration and/or flights through which a legal or natural person procures business.

In this case it is necessary to obtain the necessary Unmanned Aircraft Special Authorization issued by the CAA-CZ by following the procedure shown in the flow chart available on the website http://www.caa.cz/letadla-bez-pilota-na-palube. The forms and associated guidance for the first step of the process is available on the website http://www.caa.cz/letadla-bez-pilota-na-palube/povoleni-k-letani-bezpilotniho-letadla-zadost-o-vydani. Administrative proceedings are conducted in the Czech language.


Please be aware, that for all unmanned aircraft, regardless of the purpose of use (Recreational and Sport Flying/Aerial Work/Corporate Flights), the rules of the air apply, laid down by the aviation rules, especially by the abovementioned Attachment X of the applicable Czech Regulation L 2, Rules of the Air.

We would like to draw you attention especially to the requirement to observe a safe distance during flight from a congested area (significantly limiting the possibility to operate an aircraft in a city), from people, vehicles and construction, from airports, from other air traffic and environmentally protected areas.  The safe distance, if not specifically stated by the rules of the air, means such a horizontal distance which ensures that even under emergency conditions no threat is posed to the safety of air navigation, persons and property on the ground and to the environment.

Operation within restricted/prohibited airspace zones is generally prohibited. The zones can be seen on the following website: http://aisview.rlp.cz/. Operation of unmanned aircraft in Prague would most probably collide with LKR9 Restricted area (area covering most of Prague) and possibly with LKP1 Prohibited Area (area around Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Vltava river).

In case the intended operation cannot be realized in accordance with the standard operating limitations laid down in Attachment X of the applicable Czech Regulation L 2, Rules of the Air, and the regulation admits the possibility of exemption (usually to allow the operation in the congested area), it is necessary to obtain the necessary Unmanned Aircraft Special Authorization issued by the CAA-CZ. The forms and associated guidance for the first step of the process is available on the website http://www.caa.cz/letadla-bez-pilota-na-palube/povoleni-k-letani-bezpilotniho-letadla-zadost-o-vydani. Administrative proceedings are conducted in the Czech language.

Note: Please be aware that by committing an offence against the Act No 49/1997 Coll., on civil aviation and amending Act No 455/1991 Coll., on trade licensing (Trade Licensing Act) as amended, as amended (Air law) you may be facing a penalty from 50 000 up to 5 000 000 CZK if processed in an administrative proceeding.


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